If you’re wondering how to build a concrete hot tub pad, this step-by-step guide is the resource you’ve been looking for! There are many benefits of having a hot tub in your backyard. It is the perfect place to relax after a long day, and it can be used for entertaining guests as well.
However, before you get started with installing your new hot tub, on indeed building one, you have to make sure that you have done all of the proper prep work too! The first thing that must be taken care of is building the pad for the hot tub. This post will cover how to build a concrete pad for a hot tub so that everything else goes smoothly from here on out! Whether you are building one or buying one, you need something for it to sit on!
First, you will need to measure the area where your hot tub is going. This includes measuring how deep and wide it needs be so that there are no issues with stability or safety later on. No one wants their new hot tub to collapse, so you have be sure that it is sturdy enough for the job! You also might want to consider where you are going to place the hot tub cover when it is removed. They are quite large so it is a good idea to have a space ear marked for where it will sit whilst you are in your tub.
The next step is to decide what kind of foundation you would like. If your budget allows, a poured concrete pad will be the best option for stability and longevity! This can also help with drainage issues as well since it makes water pooling less likely than if there were just dirt or other materials underfoot; this could lead over time too subsidence of your tub into the ground which we clearly want to avoid.
Clear the Area
Next up: make sure all of this space has been cleared out for construction purposes too (this means removing any trees/bushes from around). It’s important not just because they can get damaged during installation but also due their roots getting into concrete which could cause problems over time as well…and we don’t want anything like a tree root coming through our new flooring now do we? 😉
Ok, so once the area has been cleared, next it ‘s time to start building the foundation for your hot tub. The first thing that you need to do is to cover the area with a type one ballast or small gravel that you will then pound flat with a “whacker” or similar machine.
Once the gravel has been pounded down, the next stage is to create a form or mould, which will be made out of wood and then filled with concrete for your hot tub pad. The form will need to be a little bit larger than the hot tub you are installing or building. When you make the form, it is essential that it is perfectly level. In that way, when you pour the concrete, you know when it is full to the top of your form it will be level and not sloped.
Wood Frame & Waterproof Membrane
The next step is to add a waterproof membrane to the form. This will ensure that the concrete does not leak out and ruin your deck or patio. The membrane can be made of a variety materials, but it is best to use one with high-density polyethylene (HDPE) as this material has excellent resistance against water damage.
Now you are ready to add a metal rebar constriction to your form. This will give the concrete a sturdy and strong structure. The rebar should be placed every two feet around your form, with one end of each piece sticking out about six inches from where it is inserted into to make sure that they do not bend when you pour in the concrete.
Metal Rebar for your Hot Tub Pad
Rebar can be purchased in sheets as you can see above. This makes it much easier to lay. It should be kept off the ground so that the concrete can flow underneath it when you pour.
The next step is to mix your cement. You will need a wheelbarrow, shovels and hoes. Better still a cement mixed will save you some back ache and conservable amount of time.
You should mix the cement in batches of about 50 pounds at time to make sure that it is mixed thoroughly before you add more water or sand as this can cause lumps if not done properly . You want your concrete mixture wet enough so when squeezed together with hands there are no visible dry patches but also firm like cookie dough without being too sticky where they stick on each other’s fingers (this means adding just right amount of sand and water). The ratio for mixing mortar usually ranges from one part cement to one and a half parts sand.
The next step in building an outdoor hot tub pad is pouring cement into the form until full level on top. To get a perfectly level finish you can use a trowel to smooth the surface of your concrete.
When you are done, cover it with plastic and let dry for at least 24 hours before removing the form or adding any water . You can also use an electric sander if desired but be careful not too sand off all that hard work!
Remove the Wooden Frame / Mold from your Hot Tub Pad.
The next day remove from mold by lifting up on one side then pulling out gently while using other hand as support under base until fully removed (be sure there is no excess cement left in corners). If needed add more mortar mix into corner gaps so they don’t crack later when drying completely which could cause leaks around edges where hot tub sits against wall/ground over time due lack proper waterproofing sealant applied during construction process;
It is highly advisable that you add waterproofing agent to your cement mix before pouring the base. Concrete as a material by nature is porous. This means it is not waterproof. You should try and make the concrete waterproof by adding a waterproofing agent into the mix. This will help prevent cracks later down the line.
The best way is adding a waterproofing agent like “Sika Sarnafil” (available at most hardware stores) into your cement mix before you pour it, but if not available then just apply some after finishing concrete has dried completely for 24 hours . It’s important because this step helps protect against water seeping through from below ground level as well where hot tub sits.
In cold areas, if this water freezes your base could crack!
This was the exact process that Neil followed – you can read all about his build here.
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